These basic equipment is essential when climbing snowy mountains!
Warm clothing for climbing activities to keep warm and cold, warm layer preferably with high-quality duck down, fabric should be light, dense, waterproof, windproof. The color of the clothing surface is mainly dark, as bright as possible, in order to facilitate heat absorption and easy to observe the identification of the mountain and the mountain. In addition to clothing and pants, according to the need can also be made down socks, gloves and undershirts.
Rain and wind clothing
Wind and rain clothing made of waterproof high-quality nylon materials. It has good windproof and warm performance. The top is hooded, and the hood, cuffs and pant legs can be adjusted for elasticity.
Alpine shoes climbing ice and snow alpine special shoes. Its material requirements are light, and has good warmth, waterproof, ventilation and other properties. Alpine shoes should also be accompanied by leg bindings and shoe covers, in order to improve its warmth, waterproof protection role. When walking on ice slopes, the soles of the shoes should also be tied with ice claws.
The bag includes a backpack, a carrier and a duffel bag, protective glasses to shield the eyes from strong light and reflected light from snow and ice, and to prevent damage to the eyes from ultraviolet rays. In high mountain areas above 7000 meters, climbers should be equipped with special anti-purple and infrared wind and snow glasses.
Tents can be divided into two kinds of low mountain tents and alpine tents. Low mountain tents are generally made of single-layer material. Alpine tents should be made of double-layer material, with an air layer in the middle to increase its thermal performance. Generally each tent has about 4 cubic meters of space, can live in 2 - 4 people. If the team size is larger, the base camp tent can be made into more practical accommodation tent, cooking tent, medical tent, etc. respectively. The shape of the top of various tents is curved, which can increase its stability and practicality. Its quality requirements are waterproof, insulated and ventilated, and require bright colors. Its entrance and exit to open and close easily.
The same material and down clothing, only the insulation layer is thicker. In order to waterproof and moisture-proof, it should also be equipped with foam or air mattress, etc.
Used to boil water for cooking. Can also be heated. There are two kinds of gasoline stoves and kerosene stoves. In the 7000 meters above the thin air on the high mountains, the latter effect is better. Commonly used gas stove is small and light, each weighing 270 grams, can burn for 3 hours.
Protection equipment, not the exclusive supplies of climbing athletes, it is to cope with a variety of unexpected situations and other purposes and spare some equipment and appliances. Such as oxygen equipment, communication equipment, photographic equipment, self-defense weapons, transportation, observation instruments, medical rescue equipment, etc.. The type and quantity of protection equipment should be equipped according to the nature of the task and the size of the team.
In the climbing of 7500 meters above the peak, in order to overcome the lack of oxygen and medical first aid, generally need to have oxygen equipment. Oxygen equipment is composed of 3 parts: storage cylinder, indication device and mask. The cylinder is a container for storing oxygen, and the material used for the cylinder wall should be as light as possible and resistant to high pressure. Indication device has two parts: barometer and regulator, the former indicates the amount of oxygen stored in the cylinder, the latter controls and indicates the flow of oxygen. The mask is worn on the face, when the mouth, than with oxygen equipment closed into a system, through the buffer capsule and the skin tube to absorb oxygen.
For communication between athletes and base camps and between base camps and nearby cities. Explorers outside the flashlight reminds everyone that for the former, it is best to use a high-performance small telegraph. For the latter, the appropriate type of radio transceiver equipment can be used depending on the distance. In the base camp and mountain liaison, athletes should be familiar with and master some primitive, basic and simple means of communication as possible, such as flag language, light language, whistle language, etc.. For this reason, attention should be paid to equipping the equipment with flags, flashlights, signal lights, whistles, fireworks, etc. In some special circumstances, burning clothes, etc. can also be used as a sign of communication links.
In some mountaineering activities aimed at climbing to the top of the peak, photography is a means to record and hunt for information to confirm the summit. Therefore, photography equipment is a necessary and indispensable equipment. In addition to the camera, if conditions allow, can also be equipped with film camera and video equipment.
Daily use equipment that is living utensils and supplies. A mountain climbing activities, athletes in the high mountains for a long time, sometimes up to 2 months, a variety of supplies must carry a complete. Daily-use equipment includes living supplies, hygiene supplies, simple tools, common medicine, directional map instruments, recreational supplies, paper stationery, sewing utensils, lighting appliances, sporting goods, etc.